Yeah, and like most hermits, I disappear for long periods, only to emerge in full rant.
It's funny you mention that: the MacDonald brothers (a pair of superb hockey and goalie coaches from NJ) and I had, at one point, kicked around the idea of a flash-based diagram.
There is a 'goalie dictionary' from the old goalieboard.com forums that someone mirrored on new hosting, but it's merely OK.
In terms of general vocabulary...
The main body of a pad is 'broken down' into four main sections along the face: boot, shin, knee, and thigh. The thigh is also sometimes called the 'thigh-rise', although confusingly, this is also sometimes used to refer to some arbitrary, cryptic 'plus size' that has been 'added' to the thigh. Basically, it's a meaningless distinction now, given Kay Whitmore's NHL Rule 11.2 LDS formula (Limiting Distance Size): "The Limiting Distance Size will be the sum of the floor to knee and 55% of the knee to pelvis measurements plus a four inch (4”) allowance for the height of the skate."
These four sections are connected by three 'breaks' in the pad: at the ankle (often called the 'boot break'), and above and below the knee. These are generally referred to as 'internal breaks'. These breaks can be built to function like hinges (as on the original Pete Smith Velocity design for Vaughn), or they can be more or less solid angular joints (as on the original Michel Lefebvre RBK design) with little to no flexibility, but which give the pad a contour that more or less follows the leg; see the short-lived 'Flatpads' for a design that was almost a straight plank. However, some people will refer to a pad with inflexible joints as having 'no breaks', even though this is not strictly speaking true; they just mean that the breaks are non-functional.
On the face of the pad, you'll also find the 'vertical roll' running up the lateral (outside) edge. Generally, the vertical roll will 'express' or 'carry through' the breaks in the pad, though sometimes a non-broken vertical roll will be used to add a little stiffness to a pad with very flexible internal breaks. Breaks in the vertical roll are almost universally called 'external breaks.'
From here, we can get a little more general.
Anything called a 'wing' (calf or knee) is something attached to the medial (inside edge of the pad) at a certain 1/2" offset (see NHL 11.2); a wing will be in contact with the ice just behind the medial edge of the pad itself when in the butterfly. Anything called a 'riser', a 'lift', a 'stack', or a 'block' (or similar terms) is simply some packaged layering of foam that supports the knee on top of the wing when in the butterfly.
The 'knee lock' or 'knee cradle' is the innermost layer of padding for the knee, generally attaching behind the knee with an elastic velcro strap. Some of these are one-piece cradles, as on Lefebvre's Kohos and their Reebok inheritors; some are two or even three-piece designs, with individual pieces sewn or laced into the back of the pad between the upper and lower knee breaks. While almost allr etail apds come with knee-locks, no everyone employs the straps or even keeps the knee-lock in place: many pros prefer to remove them entirely to accommodate larger knee-pads (individual pieces that strap directly to the leg and slide up under the pants).
A 'calf wrap' or 'leg channel' generally refers to the innermost layers of padding on the rear face of the pad, sitting closest to the leg. Some people refer to the pad's stays (the 3mm nylon cord used to lace the pad's shell to the foam core) as the leg channel, but this is simply inaccurate. There can also be velcro elastic 'calf lock' straps, which hold the calf padding closer to the leg.
Generally, an 'open' leg channel is is wider, leaving room for the leg to move around behind the pad; a 'closed' leg channel will wrap more closely to the leg, yielding a more responsive pad. That said, the way that one straps the calf padding plays a significant role in determining how the knee and calf feel and play.
Straps are straps: pretty self-explanatory.
Lower down the pad, the 'boot channel' is not well defined in NHL 11.2, but is generally taken to be at least a 1/2" deep recessing of the middle portion of the underside of the boot. The 'toe ties' or 'toe strings' are 3mm nylon cords or skate laces (or sometimes elastics) that the goalie laces around the skate boot, and which connect to a point on the toe of the pad called the 'toe bridge.' The toe bridge may be simply two holes punched in the toe of the pad and reinforced with a small tab of strap leather (as on many Brian's pads), or or may be a flap of heavy leather bolted onto the toe of the pad (as on Koho/Reebok), or it may be a 'sliding toe bridge' (invented by Pete Smith) in which the toe ties loop through a plastic disc (or discs) and a slotted plastic tab that allows the laces and disc ('slider') to slide back and forth as the foot rotates behind the pad in butterfly transitions and movements.
That should do as a primer. If you want to get into actual dissections of pads, I do have photos, but that's a bit more of an odyssey...
- SirJW likes this